93% of those interviewed, between December 2011 and January 2012, asked for a greater role of the EU in solving conflicts in the region. The Euromed inquiry, in its third edition, printed in English, French, Spanish, Catalan and Arab, highlights that the UfM is seen as an institution which has great potential to contribute to the stability and the development in the Mediterranean by most of the people interviewed (5.2 out of 10) although its action during 2011 has been rated negatively, with a result of 3.8 out of 10. Also significant is the support given to the majority of the members of the northern presidency of the UfM, which in March last year substituted the French one. Also, many experts said they were favourable to the creation of a European financial instrument for countries in the South Mediterranean.
As far as the opinion on the Arab Spring, the survey's results indicate that Turkey is identified as the most active country, in front of the U.S.A. and Europe. And they highlight the perception of a difference in approach coming from the EU each time it is the moment to take action in the areas affected by revolts, according also to the type of country. On a general level, both the changes in the political scene and the financial response to the Arab Spring countries is indeed judged very positively. In particular, the Spring programme and other initiatives to improve employment and rural development, access to drinkable water, health systems and education.
However, the expectations for swift resolution to end the conflicts in the region are extremely low (between 2-4 out of 10), according to experts, political actors, institutional, diplomatic, NGO members, entrepreneurs, journalists and unionists interviewed all over the Mediterranean. (ANSAmed).